Succulents have made a big presence in all lawn and garden centers in recent years. The unique color variations and the many assortment types of succulents that are available have attracted a wide audience. Being a ‘low maintenance’ plant certainly amplifies their appeal.
Even though Succulents are relatively easy to grow, there are 5 necessary items to manage in order to be successful in maintaining this plant: Light & Temperature, Soil, Water and Fertilizer.
Light & Temperature
Depending on the variety of Succulent, know that on average, these plants thrive with 6 to 10 hours of light. The best condition for an indoor situation is to station the plant by a south, east or west window that achieves a few hours of direct sunlight. Sometimes supplemental light is needed as well. Different plants have different requirements. Aeonium Succulent are native to the Canary Islands and North America and therefore, enjoy a warm or hot environment with lots of bright light. However, the Haworthia, is a Succulent that enjoys a lower light condition in a cooler environment. During the dormant season, succulents do best in temperatures from 45-55 F. Studies have shown that low temperatures during the dormant season encourage future flowering growth.
Soil composition is an important factor in determining long term life for your succulent. As a rule, succulents prefer well-draining soil that holds a little moisture and nutrients with a mid-range pH. The ferti•lome® Succulent Soil accomplishes all these goals. The Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss and the EcoPeat will support the plant physically in its pot yet allow the water to drain. EcoPeat is a natural fiber from the peat bogs which provides excellent aeration and appropriate moisture holding properties. The addition of Horticultural Perlite aids in the aeration process and helps dry out the peat. Both the calcitic and dolomitic limestone keep the pH in an ideal spot for the plant to take in the necessary nutrients.
The simplest way to water succulents is to thoroughly soak the ferti•lome® Succulent Soil then wait for the soil to completely dry before watering again. The goal is to water deeply but less frequent. This method forces the succulent to grow its roots down deep. Deeper roots promote a healthier plant. When choosing a container for your succulent, it is best to purchase a container that has drainage holes to allow the excess moisture to escape. Plus, if you are not sure if it is time to water, simply feel the bottom soil thru the drainage holes to see if it is damp. If it is damp – don’t water; if it is dry – water.
ferti•lome® All Purpose Water Soluble Plant Food 20-20-20 completes the ideal succulent environment by adding necessary nutrients for the plant. Simply dissolve ½ teaspoon in 1 gallon of water and apply the mixture to the soil. What is unique to the ferti•lome® All Purpose Water Soluble Plant Food 20-20-20 is that there is minimal to no salt content in its formulation. Many succulents are extremely sensitive to salt. The salt found in common fertilizers tend to dry out the tiny root hairs and make it difficult for the roots to obtain moisture and nutrients. Fertilizing your succulents varies upon the type of succulent. Some need once a month or every other month feeding while others only need a light feeding once in the spring or summer. Have fun learning about the succulent and its needs!
Succulents are a great way to satisfy your gardening interest. With just a few maintenance practices and proper supporting products, growing succulents is a breeze.
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