Pacific Home & Garden Foliage Collection – New Sizes, Shapes & Colors

Pacific Home and Garden’s new Foliage Collection comes in a wide variety of sizes, colors, and shapes. Your customers will be able to use them inside or outside their home. Each planter comes with an attached saucer making it hassle and mess free.

Unlike typical indoor containers, limiting what you can plant, these have openings ranging from 8” to 14”, perfect for caladiums, hostas, and much more. Since the containers come nested, you can order a selection of planters to make a beautiful display anyone would love. Styles and colors are aimed at the fashion forward homeowner to bring in the perfect addition to their garden. The sizes of these sets make them perfect for small spaces. Whether placed on a table top or a small patio, customers don’t have to sacrifice space to enhance the beauty of their home or office.

The Foliage Collection offers beauty and practicality at an affordable price. Many times, customers have limited options when looking for saucers to help prevent spills on floors, patios, or deck spaces. People are accustomed to plastic liners that aren’t as aesthetically pleasing as a ceramic saucer. However, with the Foliage Collection the matching saucer is attached and enhances not only the beauty of the pot but it’s functionality as well. With this feature, these pots can be used indoors for herb gardens as well as traditional house plants.

There are several different styles that are inspired by Pacific Home and Garden’s best-selling Verandah pots as well as new shapes and textures. Customers can choose from an array of modern, classic, and traditional features. There is an opportunity for several different target markets with this collection. For the customers that are already familiar with the Verandah brand they may be drawn to the smaller versions of the Lattice and Eggplant pots. This provides them with the design they love on a smaller scale to perhaps group with pots they already have. For the buyer that is interested in sustainable living, these pots make a great starter set for herb and vegetable gardening from seeds or small plants.

The collection can also serve as décor pieces in any environment, making them great holders for decorative spheres and other small accent pieces. The available colors of Lombardy and Vino planters are white, silver, and oxide, which are seen in many modern living spaces where tones are muted but design is the most desired feature.

For those needing a pop of color to add to the garden or indoor areas, there are several planters that make great accent pieces for spring and summer. Reds, greens, and blues are classic colors available that bring the wonder of spring inside any space. The Foliage Collection is a great addition to the PH Garden line of pottery offering functionality and practicality without sacrificing beauty.

Pacific Home and Garden is available through Arett Sales as a Drop Ship Program. To place an order, contact your Arett Sales Rep or call 800-257-8220 and mention vendor #P40.


MYKE: What it is and how does Mycorrhizae work?

100 % all-natural growth enhancers, MYKE creates the ideal environment for healthier and stronger plants. The MYKE products can be used for organic production. Simply put, the MYKE products enhance the general health of plants and soils.

How Does MYKE Benefit Plants, Flowers And Trees?

All MYKE growth supplements, namely MYKE Flower, MYKE Vegetable & Herb, and MYKE Tree & Shrub, contain mycorrhizae, beneficial fungi that have been naturally present in soils for millions of years.

Retailer Benefits

  • Bigger, stronger , healthier plants = exceptional floral and plant displays
  • Exclusive 5-year warranty offer on MYKE Tree & Shrub = incremental sales

Consumer Benefits

  • Stunning and healthy plants = satisfied customer = repeat customer
  • 5-year warranty on MYKE Tree & Shrub = consumer confidence in product they are buying

MYKE Flower:

This product was specifically designed for the planting of annuals and perennials in pots, flowerbeds, and planters. Just apply the product directly on the roots at planting, and it’s done!

MYKE Vegetable & Herb:

When the time comes to transplant seedlings, apply a little MYKE Vegetable & Herb at the bottom of the planting hole or in the furrow, and make sure the roots come in contact with the product. Plants will be stronger and more vigorous, and their yield more plentiful.

MYKE Tree & Shrub (exclusive 5-year warranty):

Designed to provide your trees and shrubs with a natural advantage, MYKE Tree & Shrub helps extend plants’ lifespans and reduces the stress caused by transplantation.

When applied near a plant’s roots, the product will prolong the entire root system, allowing the plant to absorb more nutrients from the soil.

How Does Mycorrhizae Work?

Mycorrhizae create a network that increases the plants ability to absorb more nutrients and water from soil, such as phosphorus, copper, and zinc.

Mycorrhizae form a network of fine filaments that associate with plant roots and draw nutrients and water from the soil that the root system would not be able to access otherwise.

Order Now Using Program Number: P82E1

Schultz: Choosing The Proper Plant Food

Schultz® is a superior product line with extraordinary brand recognition that has made it a leading seller in the competitive retail plant food market for many years. When you grow something with Schultz®, you get great benefits for your customer and business. Nitrogen, phosphate, and potash, along with other macronutrients, are the keys to plant success!

Balancing these three major nutrients is an important consideration when choosing the proper plant food. Schultz’s variety of quality plant foods makes finding the right one a quick and easy process. The formulations for specific plants and flowers have been created for the perfect combination of nutrients for guaranteed success.

Mother Nature feeds plants every time it rains, which dissolves nutrients and distributes them evenly to all plants. Schultz® Liquid Plant Food Plus does the same thing. The plant food instantly provides vital micronutrients every time plants are watered; excellent when transplanting, repotting, and rooting.

For Indoor Houseplants: African violets, orchids, herbs, gardenias, gloxinia, dieffenbachia, philodendrons, bonsai, pothos, jade plants, ivies, cacti, ficus, and hydroponics
For Outdoor Plants: roses, tomatoes, flowers, bulbs, bedding plants, seeds, vegetables, trees, azaleas, fruits, berries, rhododendrons, lawns, shrubs, and evergreens

Schultz® Cactus Plus Liquid Plant Food is perfect for all cacti and other succulents, including jade and aloe vera. Schultz® Cactus Plus feeds like Mother Nature. The plant food instantly provides vital micronutrients every time plants are watered.

For Use On: Cacti, aloe, jade, and other succulent plants

Schultz® Bloom Food Slow-Release Plant Food encourages rapid blooming, rich color, and strong root development in all flowering and fruiting plants. It is easy to use, and does not require mixing.

For Use On: Blooming plants, bedding plants, flowers, roses, flowering/fruiting trees, and shrubs

Schultz® Tomato Food Fast Acting Water-Soluble Plant Food grows delicious tomatoes, vegetables, and fruits.

For Use On: Peppers, cucumbers, beans, peas, carrots, radishes, squash, corn, lettuce, cabbage, pumpkins, apples, pears, peaches, and strawberries

Schultz® Boost Pacs are convenient and mess free. They feature an all-purpose plant food that can be used both indoors and outdoors. They are for use in watering cans and are premeasured to contain the right combination of essential nutrients that instantly feeds for bigger plants and more blooms. They are safe for all plants when used as directed and are a quick and easy way to beautiful flowers, lush foliage, and fresh homegrown plants. They provide instant feeding without the mess. Just drop, fill, and feed!

For Use On: African violets, all lawns, annuals, azaleas, bedding plants, begonias, geraniums, ground covers, hostas, houseplants, hydroponics, impatiens, ivy mums, orchids, perennials, philodendrons, rhododendrons, roses, schefflera, succulents, tomatoes, trees/shrubs, and vegetables

Order Now Using Program Number: K50E1

Merchant’s Picks For May

Want to know what hot items you should have on your shelves for this month? Find out with this list of Merchant’s Picks for May 2018.

Merchant Picks - May 2018

Item NumberItem NameWHY A MERCHANT PICK?
B32 FP61268460Burley Clay 12” Tree of Life Planter – TurquioseNew additions to Arett Sales warehouse stocking program. Beautiful glazed ceramic pots with a "tree of life" design.
B32 FP61268680Burley Clay 12” Tree of Life Planter – BlueNew additions to Arett Sales warehouse stocking program. Beautiful glazed ceramic pots with a "tree of life" design.
B32 FP61268690Burley Clay 12” Tree of Life Planter – GreenNew additions to Arett Sales warehouse stocking program. Beautiful glazed ceramic pots with a "tree of life" design.
B70 238Bonide Shotgun Repels-All Animal RepellentFormulated with natural ingredients. Repels three ways, by sense of touch, taste and smell. Protects plants and property, including structures, for up to 2 months per application. People and pet safe when used as directed.
C50 6762Cole & Bright Bollard Light Stainless Steel Motion SensorMotion sensor bollard light perfect for illuminating pathways. Motion activated.
D40 1012700Dramm 9-Pattern Revolver AssortmentMay is watering season. Helps plants and lawns off to a strong start. Ergonomic insulated grip nozzle with quick-click pattern changing.
D80 HDR046851Southern Patio 16” Westlake Square Pot – Galvanized SilverHigh-density resin pot that looks like galvanized corrugated steel.
M19 5892B Mayne Vienna Urn - BlackOld world, yet contemporary style. Looks like cast iron, but lightweight.
P19 52008Jack’s Classic All Purpose 20-20-20Considered the industry standard of general purpose fertilizers by professional growers. It feeds both through the roots and the leaves. For all indoor and outdoor plants.
S09 14905Scotts PatchMaster Lawn Repair Mix Sun & Shade MixMay is the month for lawn seed repairs. Easy to spread formula that starts to grow in as few as 7 days.
S20 53944Spectracide Triazicide Insect Killer for Lawns - GranulesKills insects above and below ground. Use outdoors, on lawns and as a band treatment around house foundation.
S20 HG96437Spectracide Weed Stop for Lawns - Ready-To-UseWith spring rains and warmth come weeds invading lawns. Weed Stop For Lawns can be used to effectively control the spread of weeds.
T18 400150PDQTeknor Apex Zero-G Advanced Garden Hose with Try Me DisplayerFeatures an advanced design that is 50% lighter than a standard hose. Tru-Flex pliable inner core prevents kinking. Hose is compact and easy to store.

The Key To Removing Ticks

Ticks are multiplying rapidly and more and more are carrying diseases that we never hear of until they are here. Others are carrying diseases that were here for a long time before they were diagnosed and are now a daily topic of conversation. It’s scary… almost terrifying… to know that the illnesses may be mild, debilitating, or even deadly.

How is the tick population growing at such an alarming rate? Each female tick produces 2,000 to 20,000 babies in one hatch. It is almost unfathomable to think of how many multiples there are every year based on those statistics. And, in November of 2017, the Longhorn (Asian) Tick made its debut in New Jersey. This tick is asexual and virtually clones itself to reproduce without a partner. There are over 80 species of ticks in the United States and over 850 species throughout the world. In light of the Longhorn tick’s arrival, there is no doubt that more species will be arriving. The question is not “if”… it is “when.”

Hard ticks feed three times in their lifetime. When they hatch from their egg, they have to find a host close to the ground to grow and molt into a nymph. At the nymph stage, they will feed once again, grow, and molt. As an adult, both, male and female ticks must feed in order to breed. Female ticks will then lay thousands and thousands of eggs… and will then die. Soft ticks, on the other hand, will feed multiple times and have the ability to lay eggs several times before their life cycle ends.

Deer ticks have been found to be able to transmit up to five tick-borne diseases in one bite. Many folks are frantic at the site of a deer or at the thought of the deer population, yet deer are only responsible for up to 5 percent of Lyme Disease. Mice and rodents are responsible for the other 95 percent. And, recently, it was discovered that there is a dwarf deer tick on the prowl.

The most well known tick-borne diseases are: Lyme Disease, Powassan Disease, Anaplasmosis, Babesiosis, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Ehrlichiosis, Southern Tick-Associated Rash Illness (STARI), Tick-Borne Relapsing Fever, Tularemia, Bartonellosis, Rickettsia, Mycoplasmosis. What is coming next? Nobody knows quite what to expect.

Original Tick Key™ has been helping people remove ticks safely and effectively for over 11 years. This tick removal tool is 99.9% effective in the removal of all sizes and types of ticks. No pinching, pulling, prodding, suffocating, burning, twisting… or anything that causes you to traumatize a tick during removal. When traumatized, the tick expels its stomach contents into the host and will transmit disease if it has not done so prior to removal. Simply place the large opening of your Original Tick Key™ over a tick, slide across the skin and pull (do not lift). The tick will be removed, mouthparts and all. When you are finished, wipe the key off with an alcohol wipe and keep it on your key chain for it’s next use.

Original Tick Key™ has brand recognition. Consumers ask for it by name. This amazing tick removal tool has been written about by news media, has won several awards, and is endorsed by the ACA, physicians, and veterinarians alike.

Original Tick Key™ (available in 19 different colors) or Mossy Oak® camo patterns is a great impulse buy and something everybody should have. Help your customers be prepared for ticks and tick-borne diseases.

Visit to see how easy this product works. Offer it to your customers. And, have it private-labeled before you put it on your shelves.

Call Now To Order Using Vendor Number H44.

Company Spotlight: Sunlight Supply, Inc.

Founded in 1995, Sunlight Supply, Inc., is a Vancouver, WA based manufacturer and distributor of specialty gardening supplies. Their product offering of over 5,500 different products includes everything needed for indoor, hydroponic, organic, and greenhouse gardening. They also offer a wide variety of products for the outdoor gardener.

Their signature brands include Sun System brand grow lights, Sun Blaze T5 HO fluorescent grow lights, Galaxy digital ballasts, Gro Pro growing containers, Hurricane fans, Titan Controls, Ideal Air brand air conditioners, and dehumidifiers, Mother Earth growing media and amendments, Adjust a Wings reflectors, Black Ops carbon filters, Ultra Sun horticultural grow lamps, Eco Plus water and air pumps, Ideal H2O water filtration equipment, and many more.

Whether you grow in soil, soilless mixes, Hydroton grow rocks, coco fiber or rockwool, Sunlight Supply offers everything you need to be a successful gardener. They also offer a complete line of hydroponic supplies to grow with any method of hydroponics.

Whether you garden as a hobby or commercially, hydroponically or in soil, indoors or outdoors, Sunlight Supply offers all of the products you need for a successful growing experience.

Order Now Using Program Number: Y03S1

Merchant’s Picks For April

Want to know what hot items you should have on your shelves for this month? Find out with this list of Merchant’s Picks for April 2018.

Merchant Picks - April 2018

Item NumberItem NameWHY A MERCHANT PICK?
A61 88033664' Serenity BenchOne of our best sellers! Made of superior quality sustainable hardwood pre-finished with mildew-resistant linseed oil that is enhanced with UV inhibitors for years of handsome service.
D28 6YR350 Landscape Weed Barrier - 6 YearIdeal for short-term weed control.
D40 10127009-Pattern Revolver AssortmentApril is watering season. Helps plants and lawns off to a strong start. Ergonomic insulated grip nozzle with quick-click pattern changing.
E60 HT36Holly-tone All-Natural Plant Food 4-3-4 - 36 lb.For acid-loving plants, such as hollies, azaleas, camellias, evergreens, dogwoods, and rhododendrons.
G81 2130192 GreenView Multi-Purpose Fertilizer - 10-10-10All gardeners can use a good all-purpose fertilizer and this product can be used on vegetable, flower and ornamental gardens, as well as lawns, trees and shrubs.
S09 17183Scotts Classic Sun & Shade Grass Seed - 3 lb.Great for repairing bare spots, reseeding, or new lawns. Grows well in both sunny and shady areas.
S09 21605Turf Builder Starter Fertilizer 24-25-4Can be applied when planting new grass. Grows new grass 70% thicker and 45% quicker. Kid and pet friendly. Improves lawn's ability to absorb water and nutrients.
T18 8642100Neverkink Extra Heavy-Duty Hose - 5/8" x 100'Manufacturerd with a patented NTS reflex mesh technology to eliminate kinks, twists, and tangles.
S65 885030072 6' Picnic Table with Detachable BenchesThese picnic tables are easy to clean and won’t deteriorate in the elements. Unlike wood, non-porous vinyl won’t absorb dirt or spills.

Hibiscus Plants – A Trumpet of Color

Hibiscus plants are a beautiful addition to any outdoor or indoor environment. They produce large, colorful, trumpet-shaped flowers that bloom for extended periods of time. There are approximately 200 species of hibiscus, which vary in size, color and cold tolerance. Blooms may be seen in red, white, blue, pink, yellow, purple, and mixed colors that may extend up to a foot wide. One can understand why these plants attract butterflies and hummingbirds to any garden.

These plants are typically divided into two groups: Hardy Hibiscus and Tropical Hibiscus. Tropical Hibiscus enjoys a warm, humid environment with temperatures above 50 degrees F while the Hardy Hibiscus survives in a cooler climate in which temperatures may drop below freezing in the winter. Tropical hibiscus plants need to be brought indoors during the winter months because they cannot tolerate much more than a light freeze, or the plant will die. The Hardy Perennial Hibiscus (often called Rose Mallow) dies back to the ground each year, but eventually re-emerges to produce those large colorful blooms. Rose of Sharon is another Hardy Hibiscus variety that produces giant blooms during the mid-summer months. The leaves and stems die down to the ground with the colder weather; however, the roots may live in freezing temperatures with little to no protection. These plants do take their time developing in the spring. Sometimes the plant doesn’t come to life until early summer! Make sure to cut back, old woody stems before new foliage arise.

Provide your Hibiscus plant with at least 5 to 6 hours of sunlight, especially if you want to enjoy many blooms. When Hibiscus are in their blooming stage, they require large amounts of water. Daily watering is needed during the warm weather. Try to keep the plant moist, but not soaking wet. A nice layer of mulch is beneficial to keep the ground ideal. Once the weather cools, cut back on the watering. Only water when the soil is dry to the touch.

Hibiscus prefer an acidic soil that drains well. A mixture of peat, sand, garden soil, and organic compost create the perfect blend of soil. Hibiscus need nutrients to bloom. In the summer months, use a fertilizer with mostly nitrogen and potassium. Potassium will result in better health and more blooms. A natural way to increasing potassium to your soil is to incorporate your unused banana peels.

Moderate pruning should be done to keep the plant tall and growing. Pruning helps to promote new growth and causes more blossoms to appear as well. Cut the branches just above a node or leaf joint and angle the cut away from the center of the plant. This will send a signal to the plant to grow more branches at this location – away from the center of the hibiscus. Pruning back the plant immediately before the dormant cold weather is a must!

Did you know that the flowers and leaves of the Hibiscus plant may be found in teas and liquid extracts that are useful to treat high blood pressure, weight loss and fevers? Also, the Hibiscus is Hawaii’s state flower. Traditionally worn by Hawaiian girls. A fun fact is, if the flower is worn behind the left ear, the women is married or in a relationship. If the flower is worn behind the right ear, she is recognized as being single or available for a relationship. Something your staff may have fun with when you host a Hibiscus Day in your store!

If you have never grown a Hibiscus plant, take some time this year and add some gorgeous color to your living space and consider that one-of-a kind plant that will beautify any environment!

Order Now Using Program Number: V60E2

Is Recycled Paper the Future of Soil? This Company Thinks So…

Have you ever wondered why gardeners are conditioned to water plants every day, sometimes twice a day? Why do so many people call themselves terrible gardeners (“I kill plants just by looking at them!”), while considering those with green thumbs to have some magical powers? Despite a lack of confidence and busy schedules, Americans are avid gardeners. The average American household spends over $400 on lawn and garden products each year, according to the 2016 National Garden Survey. How much of that went to expensive plants that withered away when the family left for vacation? The fact is, our habits and expectations for our gardens have formed from decades of working with the same materials to grow our plants, primarily in peat-based mixes.

Since the invention of the Cornell mix in the 1960’s, which popularized peat and brought it into the market as the standard soilless mix, there has been little innovation while gardeners continue to struggle. Imagine if all the products you use today still relied on 1960’s technology! Peat is less than ideal for a few reasons, it’s acidic, so it requires lime, it naturally repels water, so it requires wetting agents, and is low in aeration and requires perlite. There are also those discussions around the environmental impact of peat mining, and readers can research and come to their own conclusions on the topic. The use of coco coir is seen as one option to peat-based mixes, however it faces criticism over its environmental impact (shipping and extensive processing) and some coco coir products struggle to perform as well as traditional mixes. The goal of PittMoss is to finally provide gardeners a choice by introducing their ground-breaking technology not just to commercial growers, but home gardeners as well.

So What Is PittMoss?

PittMoss manufactures growing media from recycled paper products by breaking down and re-formulating fiber particles to create an ideal environment for plant growth. PittMoss sources all ingredients locally and manufactures the product in Ambridge, Pennsylvania. The result is a fluffy, lightweight growing medium with excellent air exchange that encourages beneficial biological growth. PittMoss provides superior aeration, which promotes larger and more even root distribution; while the PittMoss biologicals act as “pro-biotics®” for plants, allowing them to digest and uptake more nutrients. PittMoss products also require 2/3 less water. Imagine how a paper towel absorbs water evenly throughout the sheet is an excellent example of how well PittMoss holds and distributes moisture. With PittMoss, gardeners will have more time to enjoy their garden rather than spending time and resources watering every day.

However, it’s not just the water savings that makes PittMoss unique. The manufacturing process is tightly controlled and indoors. This means that the product is consistent every time with no opportunity for contamination from spores, pesticides and other potentially harmful components. The consistency in the particle sizes, and the air space between them, means roots have plenty of room to access the resources they need to grow faster, more resilient plants.

PittMoss initially sold only to commercial growers, where the positive results are abundant. Just one example is All About Groundcover in Slippery Rock, PA. After introducing PittMoss into their mix, the company was able to bring to market plants in 4-6 weeks, opposed to 6-8 weeks and noticed a 30% reduction in crop losses. All About Groundcover notices a remarkable difference when re-wetting their plants, with PittMoss immediately absorbing water, requiring only one pass through from employees.

PittMoss introduced retail products in 2017 to meet demand from home gardeners. Today, the company has three retail products, Prime, Performance and Plentiful. Prime is a soil amendment and Performance and Plentiful are both complete potting soils with the latter being 100% organic and listed on the Organic Material Review Institute’s (OMRI) directory of certified organic products. Use any of the products directly out of the bags or blend with your current mix and expect excellent results.

So, is the future of soil recycled paper? Only time can tell. For now, the company is focused on getting PittMoss in the hands of consumers. Every bag of PittMoss sold means less paper ends up in a landfill, water is saved, and more gardeners proudly refer to themselves as having a “green thumb.”

Order Now Using Program Number: P94E1

Adding DRAMM Color In The Garden

Select the perfect water pattern with Dramm’s new RainSelect™ Rain Wand™ and ColorStorm™ 4-Pattern Gear Drive Sprinkler.

The RainSelect™ 9-Pattern Rain Wand™ is the prefect tool for outdoor watering! The nine patterns vary from a fine mist setting for seedlings, to the shower setting for mature plants and flowers. The One Touch thumb valve provides complete water flow control. Efficiently saving water while watering from one plant to the next. It’s a great item for water-restricted areas!

The RainSelect™ 9-Pattern Rain Wand is made with aluminum for a lightweight and durable feel, comes with a lifetime guarantee to the consumer, and is available in 16″ and 30″ lengths in a variety of vibrant colors: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and berry.

The new ColorStorm™ 4-Pattern Gear Drive Sprinkler is ideal for watering small, medium, and large areas. Each pattern can be selected by the simple twist of the selector dial. If offers an adjustable circle of coverage up to 360 degrees with maximum spray coverage of up to 40 feet in diameter.

Mounted to a die cast metal sled base, which can be easily pulled through the lawn, this gear drive sprinkler is a great mobile, flexible sprinkler for a variety of watering applications. A pass-through feature allows additional sprinklers to be connected to cover larger areas.

The ColorStorm™ 4-Pattern Gear Drive Sprinkler is made of heavy-duty material and is available in Dramm’s 6 eye-catching colors that won’t get lost in the lawn: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and berry.

The joy of hand watering is short-lived when battling your hose. The constant pulling and twisting wears on your hose and you. Dramm relieves this stress and brings back the joy of hand watering with the new, made-in-the-USA, Brass Hose Swivel.

The new Brass Hose Swivel is a LIVE SWIVEL. This means it swivels while under pressure to allow hose-end accessories to turn independently of the hose. Hose-end accessories can be moved in any direction without having to fight the hose. Allowing you to twist and turn while watering without the hose getting tangled. Click here to watch it in action!

Dramm introduces the new 25′ by 5/8″ ColorStorm™ Premium Rubber Hose. The lighter feel, easier handling, and easier storage design is perfect for small space gardening, such as decks and patios. Made in the USA, the ColorStorm™ Premium Rubber Hose is molded from quality EPDM rubber, which will not crack, check, or separate.

This premium rubber hose resists kinking, coils easily, and is flexible to -25°F. It also withstands hot water up to 160°F and has a working pressure of 125 psi. Available in 6 vibrant colors that won’t get lost in the lawn: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and berry.

Dramm has been making professional watering tools for nurseries, greenhouse growers, and avid gardeners for over 75 years. Dramm strives to produce products that save time and energy, while providing quality products that will last a lifetime.

Order Now Using Program Number: D40E1